Sharon Beaumont-Bowman, Ph.D., BRSS
Pulse Oximetry Measurements during the Assessment of Dysphagia in the Tracheostomized Population
The use of pulse oximetry as an assessment tool and the relationship between aspiration and oxygen saturation in an individual with a tracheostomy is not supported in the research. This data analysis revealed that pulse oximetry is not a reliable indicator of aspiration during the clinical bedside assessment. The data and resulting analysis did not support a relationship between aspiration and desaturation in an individual with a tracheostomy.
Shelia Bernstein, SLP.D., CCC-SLP, Denise O’Brien, Ph.D.
Speech-language Pathologists Knowledge, Attitudes, and Use of Animal-assisted Therapy: Results of a Survey
Certified speech-language pathologists and graduate students were surveyed regarding their knowledge, attitude, and use (K/A/U) of animal-assisted therapy (AAT) to facilitate client achievement of communication goals across settings and populations. The survey was designed to obtain and analyze statistical information regarding respondents K/A/U of AAT.
Helen Buhler, Ph.D., Aarti Garg M.S., CF-SLP
The Efficacy of a Video Approach for Training Communication Skills to Healthcare Professionals Working with Individuals with Developmental Disabilities
The purpose of this project is to investigate the efficacy of an evidence-based training video on the communication skills of healthcare providers when working with individuals with developmental disabilities. Graduate student participants were asked to complete a pre-test survey, watch an online 12-minute video and then complete a post-test survey. Differences in pre- and post-test responses were analyzed. Results indicated significant positive change in participants’ confidence levels in communication with individuals with developmental disabilities.
Anny Castilla-Earls, Ph.D., Melanie Stich, Ph.D.
Do They Really Play Together? Pretend Play in Preschoolers with Disabilities in Inclusive Settings
Playgroups in inclusive settings provide children with disabilities the opportunity to play with more competent playmates, which may facilitate play development. Six preschoolers (three with disabilities, three with typical development,) from an inclusive program participated in two play conditions: a) all children together, and b) only children with disabilities. Results suggest that children with disabilities displayed less sophisticated forms of pretend play (e.g., solitary, functional) than their peers in both conditions.
Tina Caswell, M.S., Lauren Vollmin, B.S.
Trends of Preprofessional Training in AAC at the Graduate Level
This poster will present updated information about training in Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) at the graduate school level. Surveys were distributed to all accredited graduate programs nationally to obtain information about the courses and clinical experiences offered to graduate students (128 out of 235 responded). Findings and implications will be discussed.
Tina Caswell, MS, Lauren Vollmin, B.S.
Technology Advancements: School Based SLPs Knowledge and Implementation of AAC
This poster will present information obtained through a national survey on the knowledge and implementation of AAC among school-based speech-language pathologists. It will provide information on how speech-language pathologists gained their knowledge and what strategies they are using with children on their caseload, with a special emphasis on the iPad.
Nancy Eng, Ph.D., CCC-SLP, Alisa Stein, Brianna Beattie, Anna Borkina, Emily Palmerino
Verbal Fluency as a Measure of Word Finding in Bilingual Speakers
Verbal fluency tasks access capacity, organization, and mental lexicon complexity; performance predicts executive function capacity. Such tasks are used to access patient status following neurological insult. Data from fifty bilingual adults on verbal fluency tasks are reported. Results highlight the importance of linguistically and culturally appropriate tasks for bilingual adults.
Renee Fabus, Ph.D., CC-SLP, Lawrence Raphael, Ph.D., Sarah Cron, Brittany Badke
EPG as an Intervention for Clients with Speech Sound Disorders
Electropalatography (EPG) examines a participant’s lingual and palatal contacts during speech production. Complete Speech has a system containing three elements: software, a microprocessor I/O device, and a custom-fit palate with embedded electrodes, for all tongue-to-palate contacts and lip closure contacts. This tool is beneficial with clients exhibiting speech sound disorders. This session will illustrate the use of EPG with client case studies.
Diane Ferrero-Paluzzi, Ph.D.
Fostering Effective Communication among Communication Professionals
This poster will summarize the effective communication skills necessary for professionals in the field of speech-language pathology and audiology. The results will be based on an undergraduate pilot program requiring pre-professional healthcare students including SLP majors to take at least one communication skills class. Implications for future research and integration of techniques into education and private practice will be presented.
Laura Holtan, M.S., CCC-SLP, Rebecca Kaplan, M.S., CCC-SLP, Luis Riquelme, Ph.D., CCC-SLP, BRS-S
UTI and Dysphagia: Seeking Best Practice Patterns in Speech-language Pathology
This poster session presents the results of a retrospective study conducted at New York Methodist Hospital, Brooklyn, NY, involving patients admitted with a primary diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI). Patients with UTI often present with symptoms of dysphagia; including dehydration, failure to thrive, and altered mental status. Co-morbidities were analyzed to determine other associated factors that contribute to overall patterns of dysphagia. Results are being analyzed for best practice patterns by the SLP in relation to outcomes for patients.
Helen Jacobs, B.S., Jessica Lopez, B.A., Rebecca Reina, Barbara Leader, M.A., CCC-SLP
Aphasia 911: Training and Resources for Emergency Responders
Aphasia affects an estimated 1 million people in the United States. A training module was created to bridge the potential communication gap between EMTs and persons with aphasia in emergency situations who may be the patient or the informant. The module is designed to educate EMTs to understand and recognize aphasia and provides concrete strategies for successful communication in crisis situations.
Christine Kosky, Ph.D., CCC-SLP, Dana Thorsen, M.S.
Speech-language Pathologists’ Comfort Level with Counseling: Autism Spectrum Disorders
The comfort level of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) with counseling techniques for individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and their families was investigated via survey research. 165 responses were analyzed. Results revealed that SLPs lacked confidence immediately after graduation and that confidence increased with clinical experience. It was significant that only 66 participants had received post graduate training in counseling and were satisfied with their knowledge of counseling this population.
Christine Kosky, Ph.D., CCC-SLP, Michael J. Cunningham, M.S. CCC-SLP
Primary Progressive Aphasia: Implementing a Dynamic Display Speech Generating Device
A single-case treatment design was used to assess implementation of the Vantage Lite (PRC) speech generating device with a seventy-four year-old female, with primary progressive non-fluent aphasia. Treatment was provided two sessions per week, over a ten-week period, in the Mercy College Speech & Hearing Center. The Vantage Lite 60-sequenced curriculum guide was utilized during treatment. The participant generated 2-3 word phrases during conversation when using the device and when given verbal and visual cues.
Jasmine Malik, M.S., SLP
Imitation of Prosody in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Disorders in expressive prosody have long been considered a central feature of verbal persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). There has been limited research on imitation of prosody hence this study compares and contrasts the imitation of intonation contours by age matching typically developing 4- and 5-year-old children with ASD and normally developing preschoolers as modeled in a sentence elicitation task.
Jasmine Malik, M.S., SLP
Bilingualism and Autism: A Survey
This study will investigate issues related to bilingualism and autism in Indian context. Participants will be 10 parents/guardians of children with autism who are of a bilingual family with at least one child with autism. This study will use a survey instrument to examine parents’ perspectives on bilingualism, choices they make regarding bilingualism for their children with autism and the advice they receive from professionals regarding bilingualism.
Jasmine Malik, M.S., SLP, Pravesh Arya
Patterns of Stuttering in Indians who are Bilingual: A Case Report
Kannada (or Kanarese), whose native speakers number roughly 70 million, is one of the 40 most-spoken languages in the world (Census 2001). Stuttering patterns may differ when comparing two languages. In bilinguals, specific patterns of stuttering in each one of the languages may potentially be found. This study reports on the case of 1 male and 1 female age-matched participants, English/Kannada simultaneous bilingual whose dominant language is English.
Mary Pitti, M.S., CCC-SLP, Sarah Avery, B.S., Leah Kadlecik, B.S., Samantha Perlman, MSW, Murial Quintana, B.A., Josie Zanfordino, M.A., CCC-SLP
Transgender Communication Goals: A Place to Start
This poster will help participants identify how to set functional goals and tailor them to meet the specific needs for MtF and FtM transgender persons. The poster will provide tips for generalizing, re-evaluating, and adding new goals. Additionally, the presentation will expand the comfort and competences of speech-language pathologists in the area of transgender communication behaviors by increasing their knowledge about transgender individuals and what a transgender communication modification program should include.
Lawrence Raphael, Ph.D., Michelle Finik, B.S.
Normal Speech Rate Production as Related to Cluttering
Comparisons of the rate of production of cluttered vs. non-cluttered speech have been hampered by the absence of baseline rate data drawn from non-laboratory samples of unguarded, casual, conversational speech. This study reports the results of acoustic analysis of speech samples taken from talk radio broadcasts. Those results indicate that laboratory speech is produced at somewhat slower rates than normal conversational speech.
Lawrence Raphael, Ph.D., Elyssa Kaden
A Preliminary Study of Voice Onset Time in Conversational Speech
If the virtually universal perception that cluttered speech is exceptionally rapid has a physical basis, then it should be verifiable in acoustic measures. One of those measures is the voice onset time (VOT) of pre-vocalic English voiceless stops. Such acoustic measures, however, taken from cluttered conversational speech, are not significantly different from those taken from uncluttered conversational speech of normal speakers.
Lawrence Raphael, Ph.D., Stephanie Chung
Speech Rate Discrimination as Related to Cluttering
Slight differences in the rate of syllable production have been found between cluttered and non-cluttered speech. It is not known, however, if such differences are perceptually salient. This study presents data that suggests that the slightly faster rate of cluttered speech does not rise above the just-noticeable difference for rate in either syllable trains or short sentences.
Shari Salzhauer Berkowitz, Ph.D., Karl X Holmstrom, M.S., Lori Ninzatti, M.S., Mallory Schwartz, M.S.
Evaluating the Effect of Fundamental Frequency Neutralization on the Perception of Gender
Male and female voices were recorded and the fundamental frequency (F0) was neutralized. These neutralized voice clips were then rated for masculinity/femininity by participants who were naïve to the purpose of the study (N = 12). Listeners were unable to consistently identify the gender of the speaker; in addition, they reported that they relied on pitch range as the primary cue to the speaker’s gender. Therapy for transgender clients should include increasing overall pitch range.
Elaine Sands, Ph.D., CCC-SLP, Renee Fabus, Ph.D., CCC-SLP, TSHH, Kaitlin Dondorf, M.S., CCC-SLP
A Systematic Review of the Nurturance Characteristics of Caregivers of Patients with Aphasia
This poster will present a systematic review of the literature that investigates the nurturance characteristics of caregivers of patients with aphasia and the effects on the functional communication skills of patients with aphasia. We will document which articles were included and group the articles based upon their questions and results. The results revealed that there is a limited amount of literature exploring this topic and no scales currently exist to examine the caregivers’ nurturance skills.
Jessica Sofranko, Ph.D.
The Effect of Experience on Classification on Voice Quality
The purpose of this study was to compare agreement among several groups of listeners with different types of experience when classifying voice quality. The study compared three groups: speech-language pathologists (SLPs) who specialized in voice, singing voice teachers (SVTs), and inexperienced listeners (IEs). The groups classified voice samples as breathy, rough, or normal. Results showed that SLPs demonstrated a substantial interrater agreement, SVTs demonstrated a moderate interrater agreement, and IEs demonstrated a fair interrater agreement.
Maria Tusa, M.A., CCC-SLP
Constructivist Intervention: Applying Critical Thinking Skills and Problem Solving Methods: A LLD Case Study
Cognitive-constructivist Intervention allows for the adolescent and adult with language learning disabilities to manipulate the environment to create an opportunity for problem solving and expressive language skills to increase. The Intervention is designed for vocational communication skills. A reality-based work environment, namely the LIU Speech and Hearing Clinic, has served as a workplace venue that has evoked these opportunities for the adult with learning language disabilities and has been documented over a 2-year period. We can see the increase in skills as they relate to the client’s long and short-term goals, which were derived from cognitive, linguistic and psychosocial maintaining factors.
Thursday, April 11 6:30 - 8:30 pm
Pravesh Arya, YV Geetha, Ph.D.
Perceptual Judgment of Speech of Recovered Stutterers by Different Listeners in Different Conditions
The study focused on possible listeners’ differences of perception of speech naturalness of recovered persons with stuttering following treatment. Two different conditions of perceptual rating were audio-visual and audio only respectively, judged by five speech-language pathologists and five naive listeners by rating speech samples using a multidimensional 2-point perceptual rating scale. It is hypothesized that these two groups will evaluate naturalness differently which may have immense clinical implications.
Raquel Brown, Amanda Donaldson, Rachel White, Danielle Livecchi, Jocelyn Martin, Barbara J. Leader, M.A., CCC-SLP
Open Your Doors to Aphasia: Building an Aphasia Friendly Business
In a follow up study, small business owners in Westchester County were surveyed regarding knowledge of aphasia. Participants completed a general information survey about aphasia, related to their clients. Preliminary results revealed 65% of businesses lacked knowledge of aphasia, 60% were not equipped to serve customers with communication difficulties, and 50% were interested in learning about aphasia. A brochure about aphasia and accommodations for communication difficulty was provided to increase public awareness in Westchester County.
Sara Cutie, B.S., Larina Luu, B.S., Kristin Thurlow, B.S., Kate Franklin, Elizabeth Rogers
Aquatic Therapy as a Clinical Tool in Speech-language Pathology
Aquatic therapy is used in physical medicine and rehabilitation. Speech-language pathologists use it to work on communication goals with various clinical populations. Clinical evidence supports its use; however, scientific evidence is limited. This poster describes aquatic therapy and its use by speech-language pathologists, identifies components of an aquatic therapy program; provides case studies illustrating the benefits of aquatic therapy, and outlines research directions to build evidence supporting aquatic therapy in speech and language treatment.
Kerrie Leigh Heesemann, Yanissa Garcia, Alexa Magalhaes, Jaime Marroquin, Dorothy Leone
Siblings’ Impact on Parent-child Communication
Wellen (1985) documented that younger sibling utterances decrease in a parent-child interaction when an older sibling is present. In this study, natural parent-child interactions, one with an older sibling present and one without the sibling, were recorded. Results indicated that an older sibling’s presence had variable effects, but was often correlated with a negative impact on the younger sibling’s expressive language and a decrease in the number of produced utterances by the younger child.
Reuben Jebaraj Prabhu, Dr. P. Manjula, Ph.D.
Influence of Hearing Fitting Strategies on Speech Recognition in Individuals with Sloping Hearing Loss
Amplification benefits in individuals with sloping hearing loss have been highly researched. However, comparison of different strategies such as frequency compression, broad band amplification, amplification up to 1.7fe and receiver in the canal amplification is not investigated on the same group of subjects. In the present study, a comparison of these strategies was made on 10 hearing aid users with an experimental within group research design. The results of the study have been discussed on the performance measures, such as speech recognition and quality judgment.
Aubrey Klingensmith, B.S., Lisa Durant-Jones, Ph.D.
An #SLP2B’s Perspective of Using Twitter for Professional Networking
Students use social media for informal interactions. Recently, students have been using social media to establish professional learning networks, largely through Twitter. Speech-language pathologists (referred to as SLPeeps) and speech-language pathology students (SLP2Bs) have been active on Twitter. Many students do not fully understand how to go about accessing social media for professional engagement. This poster is intended to encourage students to explore professional engagement by providing one student’s experience effectively using Twitter.
Preethi Kumar, B.A., Mary Michael, B.A., Chelsea Oyer, B.A., Kate Franklin
Comparison of Accuracy and Speed of Message Formulation Using Two Low-tech Letterboard Arrangements
The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in subjects' performance on two alphabet board arrangements (ABC and QWERTY formats) across two age ranges. The impetus for this study emerged from a project focused on creating communication boards for a hospital to meet the Joint Commission standards "Patient-Centered Communication." The letterboard arrangements prompted a discussion of whether these formats were equivalent in ease of use and cognitive demand. Findings assist in clinical decision making.
Alicia Lore, Ariel Maisenhelder, B.S., Morgan O'Reilly, Inge Anema
Maintained and New Learning in Primary Progressive Aphasia: A Case Study
After attending an aphasia support group for more than four years, a 68-year-old female with primary progressive aphasia (PPA) maintained some ability to retain new information in memory. Observed over two periods of three months, her ability to match name cards with participants and clinicians was measured. Clinical techniques and routines will be discussed.
Stephanie O’Flaherty, Jaime L. Desjardins, Karen A. Doherty
The Effect of Hearing Aids on Memory
Auditory memory tests are often used to assess cognitive function in older people. Individuals’ hearing thresholds are typically not measured before these tests are administered, but thirty percent of individuals 65-74 years of age and 47% of individuals over the age of 75 have some degree of hearing loss (NIDCD, 2008). The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of hearing thresholds and hearing aids on auditory memory test performance.
Naomi Spallina, Anny Castilla-Earls, Ph.D.
Noun Phrase Elaboration in 4- and 5-year Old Children's Narratives
The purpose of the current study is to investigate if the noun phrases produced by a group of 4- and 5-year old children are consistent with the findings of Eisenberg et al. (2008). The current study analyzes noun phrase elaboration in two narratives elicited from 54 children ages 4-5. A graduate student read two separate narratives to each child individually. The children then followed by retelling the narrative when provided with only the pictures of the story. These narrative sessions were videotaped and later transcribed using the SALT program. The data is currently in the coding stage, but preliminary analysis revealed strong similarities with Eisenberg’s et al. study.
Nakyung Yoo, M.A., Elizabeth Ijalba, Ph.D, CCC-SLP
Discrepancy between Test Vocabulary Scores and Spontaneous Language Samples in Korean-American Preschool Children: Four Case Studies
The role of explicit teaching on vocabulary development is explored in four Korean-American preschool children. Discrepancies were evident between test vocabulary scores and MLU-W in language samples. Children scored in the low-to-high average range in receptive-expressive vocabulary. Sentence production was limited. Reduced MLU-W was evident on spontaneous language samples. Results suggest inflated vocabulary scores in relation to spontaneous verbal production. A highly directive teaching style in mothers could influence the children’s language profiles.
Lauren Zanfardino, Diane Ferrero-Paluzzi, Ph.D., Maria Armiento DeMaria, M.S. CCC-SLP
Perceptions of the ASHA Code of Ethics
The ASHA Code of Ethics was created in 2003 to hold speech-language pathologists and audiologists to the highest standards of clinical practice. Every member of the American Speech-language-Hearing Association (ASHA) is held to these ethical codes in their practice. This research explores the different perspectives, levels of knowledge and the importance of knowing the ASHA Code of Ethics.
Gabriela Stastny, Barbara Leader, M.A., CCC-SLP
The Limits of Licensure and Scope Drift’s Slippery Slope
Georgia has enacted a statute allowing music therapists to conduct language therapy. Several other states have considered or are considering similar legislation. What are the implications to the scope of practice for speech-language pathologists? Arm yourself with the law and ethics to become an engaged advocate for your practice of speech-language pathology.